Focke-Wulf FW 190 Variants

Books on the FW 190 !
Books on the Luftwaffe !

The air superiority fighters and interceptors, FW190A series, FW190D series and the TA152H

Designer: Prof. Kurt Tank
Engineering Team Leader: Rudolf Blaser
Manufacturer: Focke-Wulf Flugzeugbau AG
Total aircraft built (all versions): 20000+

FW 190A Series


FW 190A-1

The first FW 190 to see service with the Luftwaffe
Delivery: June 1941
Total built: 120
Powerplant:
Radial 14 Cylinder Radial BMW 801C-1 1550 hp (1140 kW)
Weight: n/a
Armament:
2 x Rheinmetall-Borsig MG FF 20mm cannon
4 x MG17 7.9mm machine gun

FW 190A-2

Heavier armament when a new synchroniser for the Mauser MG151/20E cannon became available. The vertical stabilisers were also enlarged. Installed with modified 801C-2 engine.
Delivery: n/a
Total built: 420
Powerplant:
BMW 801C-2 1550 hp (1140 kW)
Weight: 3850 kg
Armament:
2 x Rheinmetall-Borsig MG FF 20mm cannon
2 x Mauser MG151/20E 20mm cannon
2 x MG17 7.9mm machine gun

FW 190A-3

Improved more powerful BMW 801D-2 engine
Delivery: Spring 1942
Total built: 420
Powerplant:
BMW 801D-2 1730 hp (1272 kW)
Weight: 3850 kg
Armament:
2 x Rheinmetall-Borsig MG FF 20mm cannon
2 x Mauser MG151/20E 20mm cannon
2 x MG17 7.9mm machine gun

FW 190A-4 (Modelled in WarBirds)

Installed with BMW 801D-2 engines with the ability to install the MW50 Methanol/Water injection system to boost engine power to 2100hp for 10 minutes (commonly referred to in flight-sim circles as WEP - War Emergency Power). However the MW50 wasn't available and was only installed in the A8 and later variants.
Delivery: July 1942
Total built: 900+
Powerplant:
BMW 801D-2 1730 hp (1272 kW) (MW50 capable)
Weight: n/a
Armament:
2 x Rheinmetall-Borsig MG FF 20mm cannon
2 x Mauser MG151/20E 20mm cannon
2 x MG17 7.9mm machine gun

FW 190A-5 (Modelled in Air Warrior)

The engine mount was extended to offset the change in centre of gravity in anticipation of heavier armament in the future.
Delivery: November 1942
Total built: n/a
Powerplant:
BMW 801D-2 1730 hp (1272 kW)
Weight: n/a
Armament:
2 x Rheinmetall-Borsig MG FF 20mm cannon
2 x Mauser MG151/20E 20mm cannon
2 x MG17 7.9mm machine gun

FW 190A-6

The MG FF 20mm cannons were replaced with MG151/20E 20 mm cannons. The wings were redesigned for the heavier cannon mount and had larger ammunition boxes.
Delivery: July 1943
Total built: 569
Powerplant:
BMW 801D-2 1730 hp (1272 kW)
Weight: n/a
Armament:
4 x Mauser MG151/20E 20mm cannon
2 x MG17 7.9mm machine gun

FW 190A-7

The MG17 7.9mm machine guns were replaced with the MG131 13mm machine guns.
Delivery: Nov 1943
Total built: 80
Powerplant:
BMW 801D-2 1730 hp (1272 kW)
Weight: n/a
Armament:
4 x Mauser MG151/20E 20mm cannon
2 x MG131 13mm machine gun

FW 190A-8 (Modelled in WarBirds)

Installed with the MW50 Methanol/Water injection system.
Delivery: n/a
Total built: 1334
Powerplant:
BMW 801D-2 1730 hp (1272 kW) with MW50 2100 hp (1544 kW)
Weight: n/a
Armament:
4 x Mauser MG151/20E 20mm cannon
2 x MG131 13mm machine gun

FW 190A-9

The last of the A series aircraft. The A9 was supposed to be powered by the more powerful 1765 kW (2400 hp) BMW 801 F engines. However these were unavailable and the 801TS was used instead. Plans to produce an A10 variant with the 801 F engines ended with the war.
Delivery: Autumn 1944
Total built: n/a
Weight: n/a
Powerplant:
BMW 801TS 2000 hp (1470 kW) with MW50 (estimated) 2428 hp (1784 kW)
Armament:
4 x Mauser MG151/20E 20mm cannon
2 x MG131 13mm machine gun

FW 190D "DORA" Series


The only D series aircraft to be produced in quantity was the D-9 or Dora 9 and was in fact the first production version. A few D-1s were built for evaluation purposes and the 2-8 designations were skipped.

FW 190D-9 "DORA 9" (Modelled in WarBirds)

The "long nose" version of the 190, to accomodate the new Junkers Jumo 213 engine. The tail was also lengthened to compensate for the change in the centre of gravity. The D series was developed out of the Luftwaffe need for a high altitude interceptor to counter the threat of high altitude American bombers including the B-29.
Delivery: August 1944
Total built: 650-700
Powerplant:
V12 liquid cooled Junkers Jumo 213A-1
1776hp (takeoff), 1600hp (at 18K ft)
With MW50 boost (40 mins WEP total 10mins at a time)
2240 hp (sea level) 2000 hp (11,150 ft)
Weight: 7694 lbs empty 9840 normal 10670 maximum
Armament:
2 x Mauser MG151/20E 20mm cannon (200 rpg)
2 x MG131 13mm machine gun (475 rpg)

Performance:
Speed
357 MPH (sea level)
397 MPH (10830 ft)
426 MPH (21650 ft)
397 MPH (32800 ft)

Climb Rate
Time to 6560 ft - 2.1 mins
Time to 32801 ft - 16.8 mins

FW 190D-12

The D-12 was a fighter-bomber variant with a three-stage supercharged Jumo 213F-1 engine and more extensive armour.
Delivery: March 1945
Total built: few
Powerplant:
Junkers Jumo 213F-1
2060hp (takeoff)
With MW50 boost (40 mins WEP total 10mins at a time)
Armament:
1 x MK 108 30mm cannon
2 x MG151/20E 20mm cannon

Performance:
Speed
453 mph (at 37,000 ft) with MW 50 boost

TA 152

Although not strictly part of the FW 190 series the TA152 series has sufficient ties to the 190 series to be included here. The TA152 series can be seen as further developments of the FW 190D high altitude fighter with structural and aerodynamic enhancements and new power plants. The designation change from FW to TA was to honour Prof. Kurt Tank, the designer of the extremely successful FW 190 series. Two versions were derived from modified FW 190D-9 airframes. These were the TA152B Begeleitjäger or Escort Fighter and TA 152H Hohenjäger or High-Altitude Fighter. A third version TA 152C was a complete redesign. Of these variants only the TA 152H were delivered to the Luftwaffe.

TA 152H-1

Used mainly for close support and top cover for Me262 bases during takeoff/landings. Kurt Tank himself was reportedly flying a TA 152H-1 when he was jumped by four P-51D Mustangs and escaped by opening the throttle and engaging the MW50 boost.
Delivery: January 1945
Total built: 150
Powerplant:
V12 liquid cooled Junkers Jumo 213E-1
MW50 Methanol Water for low altitude boost
GM1 Nitrous Oxide for high altitude boost
1750hp (takeoff) 2050hp (MW50)
1320hp (32800ft) 1740hp (MW50)
Weight: 8642 lbs empty 10472 normal 11502 maximum
Armament:
1 x MK108 30mm cannon (90 rpg)
2 x MG151/20E 20mm cannon (175 rpg)

Performance:
Speed
332 MPH (sea level) 350 (MW50)
465 MPH (29530 ft) (MW50)
472 MPH (41010 ft) (GM1)

Climb Rate
3445 ft/min (alt n/a)

TA 152C-1

The model with the Daimler-Benz DB603 engine Kurt Tank always favoured. The war ended before any could be delivered to the Luftwaffe. It represents the pinnacle of German fighter aircraft development during WWII.
Delivery: Approved for production but never made before the war ended
Total built: n/a
Powerplant: Liquid cooled turbo supercharged Daimler-Benz 603LA
MW50 Methanol Water boost
2100hp (takeoff) 2300hp (MW50)
1750hp (29530ft)
1900hp (27560ft MW50)
Weight: 8849 lbs empty 10658 normal 11733 maximum
Armament:
1 x MK108 30mm cannon (90 rpg)
2 x MG151/20E 20mm cannon (250 rpg)
2 x MG252 20mm cannon (175 rpg)

Performance:
Speed
227 MPH (sea level) 356 (MW50)
436 MPH (37730 ft)
460 MPH (32810 ft MW50)

Climb Rate
3050 ft/min (alt n/a)

The Ground Attack, Close Support and Training variants

FW 190F, 190G and 190S Series

Various versions of the FW 190 were built for the attack and close support (Schlachtflugzeug) role designated FW 190F and extended range fighter-bomber, Jabo-Rei (Jagdbomber mit vergrosserter Reichweite) FW 190G. These had various combinations of bombs racks, rockets, heavier armour and main armament.
Two seat training versions (Schulflugzeug) were also built, designated FW190S.

References

Books on the FW 190 !
All of the information gathered here is collected from Web Sites on the Internet and at least 90% from Joe Baugher's excellent texts on each of the major variants. Please do visit these pages for an exhaustive reference on the FW 190 development history :
FW 190A, 190F, 190G, 190S FW 190D TA 152H, 152B, 152C
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Return to WarBird's Aircraft Page This page was created on Thursday, April 18, 1996 and last updated on Wednesday, May 3, 2000